Skip to main content

Six specialisations for future psychologists to consider

Psychology career


According to JobOutlook, the number of psychology jobs in Australia is expected to increase significantly over the next five years. Considering the rapid growth of the psychology industry, it’s no surprise that demand for quality APAC-Accredited psychology courses continues to grow among prospective students.  

One of the greatest benefits of studying psychology is that you’ll graduate with the key skills sought out by a range of professions. Be it business, education, sports or health, different types of psychology are applicable to countless industries. 

With so many psychology careers to pursue, choosing the right one can feel like a daunting task. If you’re considering becoming a registered psychologist, it's a good idea to start thinking about the branches of psychology that interest you the most. 

Whether you want to work primarily in research or as a practitioner, seeking out psychology jobs that align with your strengths will help you identify the right career path.

Choose from a variety of psychology specialisations

Not sure which path to take? Undergraduate psychology courses provide students with the opportunity to explore specific fields of psychology in which they have special interests. More advanced psychology studies offer a further refinement of students’ interests, allowing them to become increasingly proficient in their chosen specialisation. 

To give you some inspiration, below is a snapshot of six different paths you could take as a psychologist:

1. Clinical psychologist

What they do: Clinical psychologists diagnose and treat mental, emotional and behavioural disorders. Using theory and clinical practice they develop management plans to understand, prevent and treat psychologically-based distress.   

Key skills: Strong communication skills are needed for clinical psychologist jobs, as some patients may be limited in their cognitive ability. Knowledge of the biology of the body and various treatment methods are also essential in helping determine diagnoses.

Salary expectation: between $51k and $106k (Payscale).

2. Organisational Psychologist

What they do: Organisational psychologists study workplace behaviour. They work with management teams and human resources on staffing, training and employee development. Companies tend to hire organisational psychologists to help increase staff productivity and solve organisational problems, making it one of the most in-demand branches of psychology in the corporate world.

Key skills: Research and analysing skills are needed to be able to formulate structured plans.

Salary expectation: between $49k and $127k (Payscale).

3. School Psychologist

What they do: School psychologists play a vital role in the educational system, helping students with special needs, learning disabilities and behavioural issues cope in school settings. They collaborate with parents and teachers to create comfortable learning environments and evaluate student performance.

Key skills: Development and planning skills are important in this role, as school psychologists create in-school programs to assist with learning.

Salary expectation: between $51k and $118k (Payscale).

4. Mental health counselor

What they do: A mental health counselor helps individuals manage and overcome mental and emotional disorders, usually to do with personal relationships, addiction, family problems and anxiety.

Key skills: In this role you have to be able to identify and evaluate possible solutions for patients, so critical thinking is vital.

Salary expectation: between $40k to 78k (Payscale).

5. Sport psychologist

What they do: Sport psychologists help athletes with issues related to sport, such as overcoming injuries, coping with the pressures of competition and how to enhance their performance. They can also assist with creating exercise programs that help athelete’s increase motivation and achieve their goals.

Key skills: Flexibility is important in this role, as you will be working in a range of settings with different clients.

Salary expectation: between $48k to $86k (Payscale).

6. Forensic psychologist

What they do: Forensic psychologists provide aid in different legal contexts. They work within the legal and criminal justice system to help understand the psychological background and aspects of a criminal case.

Key skills: Understanding human behaviour is at the core of this role. Forensic psychologists interview patients, evaluating information about their background, childhood, motivations, and actions.

Salary expectation: between $53k to $98k (Payscale).

A wide range of career options

The roles listed above are just a handful of the wide range of potential career paths a psychology degree can lead to. With so many careers in psychology to consider, it’s important to do your research first so you can get an idea of how to tailor your studies to focus on areas you might be interested in. 

If your goal is to become a practising psychologist, earning a formal qualification is the first step in attaining registration. All psychologists in Australia are required to be registered with the Psychology Board of Australia to ensure high standards are maintained across the industry.


Online Psychology Courses

Begin your career by enrolling in one of the online psychology courses offered at Monash Online. Covering foundational psychology principles, our Graduate Diploma in Psychology is a versatile qualification that provides a pathway to advanced psychology studies. If you’re looking for a fourth-year psychology course, the Graduate Diploma of Psychology Advanced is an honours-equivalent program. 

Contact a Monash Online enrolment advisor to learn more about course entry requirements today.